Haplogroup

 

The predicted results below compare your Family Tree DNA Y-DNA STR test with the world-wide database of Dr. Hammer and customers who have had their SNP tested by us. The comparative Haplogroups shown below were confirmed by SNP (Single Nucleotide Polymorphism) tests at Dr. Hammer's lab, which uses the YCC nomenclature. Haplogroups represent fractures in the tree and are tied to deep ancestry (think 10,000 or 10's of 1000's of years) and are shown in the human Phylogenetic tree. Please note that countries in this database are listed by the place one came from or currently lives. The value therefore is that it tells researches about migratory patterns, and gives information about the age of the Ďgroupí of people -- after all, everyone on the tree that isnít in Haplogroup A and B have lived outside of Africa for at least 60,000 years - and the story is how you got where you live now.

 

"In studying the subject of DNA and human migration I had the opportunity to see the video and read the book: The Journey of Man by Spencer Wells. The video was very good, and the book was even better. In a word: Bravo! If you are interested in seeing or reading The Journey of Man follow the above links for your convenience, or visit or "Books" page".
Bennett Greenspan President & Founder, Family Tree DNA.

 

Your Haplogroup

Your SNP Tests

E3b3a

M123+ M34+ M35+ M96+ P2+ M107- M136- M148- M165- M2- M281- M78- M81-

 

12 Marker Y-DNA Matches

 

 

 

 

 

One Step Mutations

Haplogroup

Country

Comment

Count

E3b

England

-

1

 

 

 

 

3 Step Mutations

Haplogroup

Country

Comment

Count

E3b

Portugal

-

1

E3b1

Unknown Origin

-

1

 

 

 

 

4 Step Mutations

Haplogroup

Country

Comment

Count

E3b

Austria

-

1

E3b

Germany

-

1

E3b

Russia

-

1

E3b

Sicily

-

1

E3b

Ukraine

Ashkenazi

1

E3b

Unknown Origin

-

8

E3b1

Germany

-

1

E3b1

Poland

-

1

E3b1

Scotland

-

1

E3b1

Unknown Origin

-

2

 

 

 

 

Haplogroup Descriptions

E3b  This haplogroup is believed to have evolved in the Middle East. It expanded into the Mediterranean during the Pleistocene Neolithic expansion. It is currently distributed around the Mediterranean, southern Europe, and in north and east Africa.

 

 

 

 

E3b1  This lineage is found in eastern and northern Africa, the Near East, and Europe, and is estimated to have originated about 23,000 years ago.

 

 

 

 

E3b3a  This lineage may have originated in the Near East, where it is found at higher frequency. It is also found in Ethiopia, and at lower frequencies in Northern Africa and Europe.

 

 

 

 

Copyright 2001-2004 Genealogy by Genetics, Ltd.
USAGE POLICY: Use of the above Haplogroup descriptions requires written permission from Genealogy by Genetics.