(Pharosh) Parosh of Israel


< Pedaiah ben Parosh of Israel (associate of Nehemiah)|(associate of Nehemiah)
birt:
deat: DECEASED


< Ramiah ben Parosh of Israel
birt:
deat: DECEASED


< Jeziah ben Parosh of Israel
birt:
deat: DECEASED


< Malchiah ben Parosh of Israel
birt:
deat: DECEASED


< Miamin ben Parosh of Israel
birt:
deat: DECEASED


< Eleazar ben Parosh of Israel
birt:
deat: DECEASED


< Malchijah ben Parosh of Israel|Priest
birt:
deat: DECEASED


< Benaiah ben Parosh of Israel
birt:
deat: DECEASED


AKA (Parosh) Pharosh of Israel
birt:
deat: DECEASED

 
 Associates of King Artaxerxes I of Xerxes I
 birt: ABT 0500 BC
plac: Persia (Iran)
deat: 0424 BC
 Nehemiah (Nechemia) ben Hachaliah|Prophet 
 birt: ABT 0500 BC
plac: Tirshatha
deat: DECEASED
 Associates of Prophet Nehemiah ben Hachaliah 
 birt: ABT 0500 BC
plac: Tirshatha
deat: DECEASED
 Covenant Makers of Nehemiah ben Hachaliah 
 birt:
deat: DECEASED
 (Pharosh) Parosh of Israel 
birt:
deat: DECEASED

John Hoyt's Family Tree Chart Map | Map | List of Individuals | List of Surnames

Created by GEDBrowser


Baruch ben Zabbai (associate of Nehemiah)|(associate of Nehemiah)|Priest


Associates of Baruch ben Zabbai
birt:
deat: DECEASED

 
 Associates of King Artaxerxes I of Xerxes I
 birt: ABT 0500 BC
plac: Persia (Iran)
deat: 0424 BC
 Nehemiah (Nechemia) ben Hachaliah|Prophet 
 birt: ABT 0500 BC
plac: Tirshatha
deat: DECEASED
 Associates of Prophet Nehemiah ben Hachaliah 
 birt: ABT 0500 BC
plac: Tirshatha
deat: DECEASED
 Covenant Makers of Nehemiah ben Hachaliah 
 birt:
deat: DECEASED
 Baruch ben Zabbai (associate of Nehemiah)|(associate of Nehemiah)|Priest 
birt:
deat: DECEASED

John Hoyt's Family Tree Chart Map | Map | List of Individuals | List of Surnames

Created by GEDBrowser


Associates of Prophet Scribe Baruch ben Neriah


< Ezra (Azariah) ben Seraiah ben Azariah IV|Prophet-Scribe
birt: ABT 0500 BC
deat: DECEASED


< Jehoiakim (Eliakim) (Elizkim Jechonais) ben Josiah II ben Amon|King|King of Judah
birt: ABT 0625 BC
plac: Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: 0597 BC
marr:


< Jehoiachin (Joachin) (Coniah) ben Jehoiakim|King|King of Judah (598 BC)
birt: ABT 0605 BC
plac: Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: ABT 0560 BC
plac: Babylonia


< Josiah II (Joash) (Josias) ben Amon ben Manasseh|King|King of Judah (640 BC)
birt: ABT 0650 BC
plac: Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: 0609 BC
plac: Megiddo
marr:
marr:


< Jehoahaz II (Shallum) (Jechonias) ben Josiah II ben Amon|King|King of Judah
birt: ABT 0600 BC
plac: Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: DECEASED


< Zedekiah (Mattaniah) ben Josiah II ben Amon|King|King of Judah (598 BC)
birt: ABT 0625 BC
plac: Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: ABT 0586 BC
plac: Babylon, Babylonia


< Jehudi ben Nethaniah ben Shelemiah|Prince
birt:
deat: DECEASED

 
 Jeremiah ben Hilkiah ben Shallum I|Prophet
 birt: ABT 0650 BC
deat: DECEASED
 Associates of Prophet Jeremiah ben Hilkiah 
 birt: ABT 0650 BC
plac: Anatoth, Benjamin, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: DECEASED
 Scribes of Prophet Jeremiah ben Hilkiah 
 birt: Anatoth, Benjamin, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: DECEASED
 Baruch (Barukh) ben Neriah ben Maaseiah|Prophet Scribe 
 birt: ABT 0624 BC
deat: DECEASED
 Associates of Prophet Scribe Baruch ben Neriah 
birt: ABT 0625 BC
deat: DECEASED

John Hoyt's Family Tree Chart Map | Map | List of Individuals | List of Surnames

Created by GEDBrowser


Abijah (Abia) (Abihan) (Abijam) ben Rehoboam ben Solomon|King|King of Judah


< Asa (Asah) ben Abijah ben Rehoboam|King|Third King of Judah
birt: ABT 0925 BC
plac: Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: 0875 BC
marr:


< Associates of King Abijah ben Rehoboam
birt: ABT 1000 BC
plac: Jerusalem, Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: DECEASED


AKA King (Abijah) Abijam ben Rehoboam
birt: ABT 1000 BC
plac: Jerusalem, Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: DECEASED


AKA King (Abijah) Abia ben Roboam
birt: ABT 1000 BC
plac: Jerusalem, Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: DECEASED


AKA King (Abijah) Ahijah ben Rehoboam
birt: ABT 1000 BC
plac: Jerusalem, Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: DECEASED

 
 Jeroboam I ben Nebat|King|King of Northern Israel 
 birt: ABT 0975 BC
plac: Israel
deat: 0912 BC
plac: Israel
marr:
 Associates of King Jeroboam I ben Nebat 
 birt: ABT 0975 BC
plac: Israel
deat: 0912 BC
 
   Twenty-second Dynasty Pharaohs of Egypt
   birt: 0945 BC
plac: Egypt
deat: 0715 BC
   Shoshenq II Hedj (Sheshonq) (Shishank) of Osorkon I of Shoshenq I|Pharaoh|Hedj.kheper.re' Setep.en.re' S.|Pharaoh of Egypt 
   birt: Egypt
deat: 0890 BC
  Karamat (Ano) of Shoshenq II of Nimlot 
 birt: Egypt
deat: DECEASED
marr:
 Abijah (Abia) (Abihan) (Abijam) ben Rehoboam ben Solomon|King|King of Judah 
birt: ABT 0950 BC
plac: Jerusalem, Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: DECEASED

John Hoyt's Family Tree Chart Map | Map | List of Individuals | List of Surnames

Created by GEDBrowser


Joachim (Joiakim) ben Joshua ben Jozadak|High Priest


< Eliashib ben Joachim ben Joshua|High Priest
birt: ABT 0450 BC
plac: Judea, Southern Israel
deat: DECEASED


AKA High Priest Joiakim ben Jeshua
birt: ABT 0475 BC
deat: DECEASED


< Associates of High Priest Joachim ben Joshua
birt: ABT 0475 BC
deat: DECEASED

 
 Associates of Prophet Nehemiah ben Hachaliah
 birt: ABT 0500 BC
plac: Tirshatha
deat: DECEASED
 Returning Exiles, time of Nehemiah ben Hachaliah 
 birt:
deat: DECEASED
 Joshua (Jeshua) (Joshuah) (Yeshua) ben Jozadak ben Seraiah|High Priest 
 birt: ABT 0500 BC
plac: Judea, House of Levi
deat: DECEASED
 Sons of High Priest Joshua ben Jozadak 
 birt: ABT 0475 BC
deat: DECEASED
 Joachim (Joiakim) ben Joshua ben Jozadak|High Priest 
birt: ABT 0475 BC
plac: Judea, Southern Israel
deat: DECEASED

John Hoyt's Family Tree Chart Map | Map | List of Individuals | List of Surnames

Created by GEDBrowser


Eliashib ben Joachim ben Joshua|High Priest

 
 Returning Exiles, time of Nehemiah ben Hachaliah
 birt:
deat: DECEASED
 Joshua (Jeshua) (Joshuah) (Yeshua) ben Jozadak ben Seraiah|High Priest 
 birt: ABT 0500 BC
plac: Judea, House of Levi
deat: DECEASED
 Sons of High Priest Joshua ben Jozadak 
 birt: ABT 0475 BC
deat: DECEASED
 Joachim (Joiakim) ben Joshua ben Jozadak|High Priest 
 birt: ABT 0475 BC
plac: Judea, Southern Israel
deat: DECEASED
 Eliashib ben Joachim ben Joshua|High Priest 
birt: ABT 0450 BC
plac: Judea, Southern Israel
deat: DECEASED

John Hoyt's Family Tree Chart Map | Map | List of Individuals | List of Surnames

Created by GEDBrowser


Asa (Asah) ben Abijah ben Rehoboam|King|Third King of Judah


< Associates of King (Asah) Asa ben Abijah
birt: ABT 0925 BC
plac: Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: DECEASED


< Jehoshaphat (Yehoshaphat) (Jehochaphat) (Jehosaphat) (Josaphat) ben Asa ben Abijah|King|King of JUDAH
birt: ABT 0900 BC
plac: Jerusalem, Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: 0851 BC

 
 Asa (Asah) ben Abijah ben Rehoboam|King|Third King of Judah
 birt: ABT 0925 BC
plac: Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: 0875 BC
marr:
 Associates of King (Asah) Asa ben Abijah 
 birt: ABT 0925 BC
plac: Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: DECEASED
 
  Azubah bint Shihi ben Jeroboam
 birt:
deat: DECEASED
marr:
 (Chanoni) Hanani the Seer|Prophet 
 birt: ABT 0975 BC
deat: DECEASED
 Associates of Prophet Hanani 
 birt:
deat: DECEASED
 Asa (Asah) ben Abijah ben Rehoboam|King|Third King of Judah 
birt: ABT 0925 BC
plac: Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: 0875 BC


Azubah bint Shihi ben Jeroboam
marr:
birt:
deat: DECEASED

John Hoyt's Family Tree Chart Map | Map | List of Individuals | List of Surnames

Created by GEDBrowser


AKA Prophet-Scribe (Ezra) Azariah ben Seraiah

 
 Returning Exiles, time of Nehemiah ben Hachaliah
 birt:
deat: DECEASED
 Zerubbabel (Zorobabel) (Sheshbazzar) ben Pedaiah (3rd Exilarch)|(3rd Exilarch)|Governor|King of Persia 
 birt: ABT 0500 BC
plac: Babylon
deat: DECEASED
marr:
marr:
marr:
 Associates of Governor Zerubbabel ben Pedaiah 
 birt: ABT 0500 BC
plac: Babylon
deat: DECEASED
 
  Esthra Princess of Israel (2nd m.) 
 birt:
deat:
marr:
 Ezra (Azariah) ben Seraiah ben Azariah IV|Prophet-Scribe 
 birt: ABT 0500 BC
deat: DECEASED
 AKA Prophet-Scribe (Ezra) Azariah ben Seraiah 
birt: ABT 0500 BC
deat: DECEASED

John Hoyt's Family Tree Chart Map | Map | List of Individuals | List of Surnames

Created by GEDBrowser


Jehoshaphat (Yehoshaphat) (Jehochaphat) (Jehosaphat) (Josaphat) ben Asa ben Abijah|King|King of JUDAH


< Associates of King Jehoshaphat ben Asa
birt: ABT 0900 BC
plac: Jerusalem, Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: DECEASED


< Zechariah ben Jehoshaphat ben Asa|Prince
birt: ABT 0875 BC
plac: Jerusalem, Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: DECEASED


< Azariah ben Jehoshaphat ben Asa (1 of 2)|(1 of 2)|Prince
birt: ABT 0875 BC
plac: Jerusalem, Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: DECEASED


AKA King (Jehoshaphat) Josaphat ben Asa
birt: ABT 0900 BC
plac: Jerusalem, Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: DECEASED


AKA King (Jehoshaphat) Yehoshaphat ben Asa
birt: ABT 0900 BC
plac: Jerusalem, Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: DECEASED


AKA King (Jehoshaphat) Jehochaphat ben Asa
birt: ABT 0900 BC
plac: Jerusalem, Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: DECEASED


< Jehoram II (Joram) ben Jehoshaphat ben Asa|King|King of JUDAH
birt: 0883 BC
plac: Jerusalem, Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: 0843 BC

 
 Associates of King Jehoshaphat ben Asa
 birt: ABT 0900 BC
plac: Jerusalem, Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: DECEASED
 Priestly Associates of King Jehoshaphat ben Asa 
 birt:
deat: DECEASED
 Azariah (Azaryah) ben Oded|Prophet|Azaryah Ben Oded 
 birt:
deat: DECEASED
 Associates of Prophet Azariah ben Oded 
 birt:
deat: DECEASED
 Jehoshaphat (Yehoshaphat) (Jehochaphat) (Jehosaphat) (Josaphat) ben Asa ben Abijah|King|King of JUDAH 
birt: ABT 0900 BC
plac: Jerusalem, Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: 0851 BC

John Hoyt's Family Tree Chart Map | Map | List of Individuals | List of Surnames

Created by GEDBrowser


Zedekiah Priest of Nehemiah

 
 Associates of King Artaxerxes I of Xerxes I
 birt: ABT 0500 BC
plac: Persia (Iran)
deat: 0424 BC
 Nehemiah (Nechemia) ben Hachaliah|Prophet 
 birt: ABT 0500 BC
plac: Tirshatha
deat: DECEASED
 Associates of Prophet Nehemiah ben Hachaliah 
 birt: ABT 0500 BC
plac: Tirshatha
deat: DECEASED
 Priests of Nehemiah ben Hachaliah 
 birt:
deat: DECEASED
 Zedekiah Priest of Nehemiah 
birt:
deat: DECEASED

John Hoyt's Family Tree Chart Map | Map | List of Individuals | List of Surnames

Created by GEDBrowser


Jehoram II (Joram) ben Jehoshaphat ben Asa|King|King of JUDAH


AKA Queen (Athaliah) Atalya bint Ahab
birt: ABT 0880 BC
plac: Jerusalem, Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: 0837 BC/0836


< Ahaziah II (Jehoahaz) (Shallum) (Azariah) ben Jehoram II ben Jehoshaphat|King
birt: ABT 0860 BC
plac: Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: 0843 BC
plac: Megiddo
marr:


< Associates of Queen Athaliah bint Ahab
birt: 0880 BC
plac: Jerusalem, Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: DECEASED


AKA King (Jehoram II) Joram II ben Jehoshaphat
birt: 0883 BC
plac: Jerusalem, Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: DECEASED


Associates of King Jehoram II ben Jehoshaphat
birt: 0883 BC
plac: Jerusalem, Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: DECEASED


< Athaliah ben Jehoram II ben Jehoshaphat|Prince
birt:
deat: DECEASED


< Jehosheba (Jehoshabeath) bint Jehoram II ben Jehosaphat
birt:
deat: DECEASED

 
 Associates of Prophet Jeremiah ben Hilkiah
 birt: ABT 0650 BC
plac: Anatoth, Benjamin, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: DECEASED
 Prophetic Contemporaries of Jeremiah ben Hilkiah 
 birt: Anatoth, Benjamin, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: DECEASED
 Obadiah (Ovadiah) of Eliphaz ben Esau|Prophet 
 birt: ABT 0600 BC
plac: Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: AFT 0587 BC
 Associates of Prophet Obadiah of Eliphaz 
 birt: Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: DECEASED
 Jehoram II (Joram) ben Jehoshaphat ben Asa|King|King of JUDAH 
birt: 0883 BC
plac: Jerusalem, Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: 0843 BC


Athaliah (Athalia) bint Ahab ben Omri|Queen|Queen of Judah
marr:
birt: ABT 0880 BC
plac: Jerusalem, Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: 0837 BC/0836

John Hoyt's Family Tree Chart Map | Map | List of Individuals | List of Surnames

Created by GEDBrowser


Associates of Assir (Neri)

 
 Daniel (Belteshazzar) of Judah ben Jacob|Prophet
 birt: ABT 0620 BC
deat: DECEASED
 Associates of Prophet Daniel of Judah 
 birt:
deat: DECEASED
 Jehoiachin (Joachin) (Coniah) ben Jehoiakim|King|King of Judah (598 BC) 
 birt: ABT 0605 BC
plac: Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: ABT 0560 BC
plac: Babylonia
 Assir (Neri) ben Jehoiachin 
 birt: ABT 0550 BC
deat: DECEASED
 Associates of Assir (Neri) 
birt:
deat: DECEASED

John Hoyt's Family Tree Chart Map | Map | List of Individuals | List of Surnames

Created by GEDBrowser


Associates of Malchiram

 
 Daniel (Belteshazzar) of Judah ben Jacob|Prophet
 birt: ABT 0620 BC
deat: DECEASED
 Associates of Prophet Daniel of Judah 
 birt:
deat: DECEASED
 Jehoiachin (Joachin) (Coniah) ben Jehoiakim|King|King of Judah (598 BC) 
 birt: ABT 0605 BC
plac: Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: ABT 0560 BC
plac: Babylonia
 Malchiram ben Jehoiachin 
 birt: ABT 0550 BC
deat: DECEASED
 Associates of Malchiram 
birt:
deat: DECEASED

John Hoyt's Family Tree Chart Map | Map | List of Individuals | List of Surnames

Created by GEDBrowser


Associates of Shenazar ben Jehoiachin

 
 Daniel (Belteshazzar) of Judah ben Jacob|Prophet
 birt: ABT 0620 BC
deat: DECEASED
 Associates of Prophet Daniel of Judah 
 birt:
deat: DECEASED
 Jehoiachin (Joachin) (Coniah) ben Jehoiakim|King|King of Judah (598 BC) 
 birt: ABT 0605 BC
plac: Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: ABT 0560 BC
plac: Babylonia
 Shenazar ben Jehoiachin 
 birt: ABT 0550 BC
deat: DECEASED
 Associates of Shenazar ben Jehoiachin 
birt:
deat: DECEASED

John Hoyt's Family Tree Chart Map | Map | List of Individuals | List of Surnames

Created by GEDBrowser


Associates of Nedabiah ben Jehoiachin

 
 Daniel (Belteshazzar) of Judah ben Jacob|Prophet
 birt: ABT 0620 BC
deat: DECEASED
 Associates of Prophet Daniel of Judah 
 birt:
deat: DECEASED
 Jehoiachin (Joachin) (Coniah) ben Jehoiakim|King|King of Judah (598 BC) 
 birt: ABT 0605 BC
plac: Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: ABT 0560 BC
plac: Babylonia
 Nedabiah ben Jehoiachin 
 birt: ABT 0550 BC
deat: DECEASED
 Associates of Nedabiah ben Jehoiachin 
birt:
deat: DECEASED

John Hoyt's Family Tree Chart Map | Map | List of Individuals | List of Surnames

Created by GEDBrowser


Associates of Jecamiah

 
 Daniel (Belteshazzar) of Judah ben Jacob|Prophet
 birt: ABT 0620 BC
deat: DECEASED
 Associates of Prophet Daniel of Judah 
 birt:
deat: DECEASED
 Jehoiachin (Joachin) (Coniah) ben Jehoiakim|King|King of Judah (598 BC) 
 birt: ABT 0605 BC
plac: Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: ABT 0560 BC
plac: Babylonia
 Jecamiah ben Jehoiachin 
 birt: ABT 0550 BC
deat: DECEASED
 Associates of Jecamiah 
birt:
deat: DECEASED

John Hoyt's Family Tree Chart Map | Map | List of Individuals | List of Surnames

Created by GEDBrowser


Associates of Hoshama ben Jehoiachin

 
 Daniel (Belteshazzar) of Judah ben Jacob|Prophet
 birt: ABT 0620 BC
deat: DECEASED
 Associates of Prophet Daniel of Judah 
 birt:
deat: DECEASED
 Jehoiachin (Joachin) (Coniah) ben Jehoiakim|King|King of Judah (598 BC) 
 birt: ABT 0605 BC
plac: Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: ABT 0560 BC
plac: Babylonia
 Hoshama ben Jehoiachin 
 birt: ABT 0550 BC
deat: DECEASED
 Associates of Hoshama ben Jehoiachin 
birt:
deat: DECEASED

John Hoyt's Family Tree Chart Map | Map | List of Individuals | List of Surnames

Created by GEDBrowser


Jotham (Joatham) ben Uzziah ben Amaziah|King|King of Judah (742 - 735 B.C.)


< Ahaz (Achaz) ben Jotham ben Uzziah|King|King of Judah (King 735 - 715 BC)
birt: 0762 BC
plac: Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: 0726 BC

 
 Asa ben Abijah King of Judah|King of Judah
 birt: 0955 BC
plac: Judah, Israel
deat:
 Jehoshaphat ben Asa King of Judah|King of Judah 
 birt: 0917 BC
plac: Judah, Israel
deat:
 Jehoram ben Jehoshaphat King of Judah|King of Judah 
 birt: 0893 BC
plac: Judah, Israel
deat:
marr:
 Ahaziah ben Jehoram Regent of Judah|Regent of Judah 
 birt: 0815 BC
deat: 0750 BC
 
  Athaliah bat Ahab 
 birt:
deat:
marr:
 Jotham (Joatham) ben Uzziah ben Amaziah|King|King of Judah (742 - 735 B.C.) 
birt: 0783 BC
plac: Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: 0734 BC
 
 Jecoliah 
birt:
deat:

John Hoyt's Family Tree Chart Map | Map | List of Individuals | List of Surnames

Created by GEDBrowser

Notes:

BIOGRAPHY: jo'-tham (yotham, "Yahweh is perfect"; Ioatham): (2) Twelfth king of Judah, son of Uzziah and Jerusha, daughter of Zadok (2 Kings 15:32-38 ; 2 Chronicles 27:1-9). . 1. Accession and Regency: Jotham was 25 years of age at the time of his father's attack of leprosy, and was at once cal led upon to take the administration of the kingdom (2 Kings 15:5; 2 Chronicles 26:21). In doi ng this he not only judged the people of the land by presiding at the administration of justi ce, but also was over the household of the king, showing how complete was the isolation of hi s father. He was thus king in all but name, and is invariably spoken of as reigning in Jerusa lem. His reign lasted for 16 years (2 Kings 15:33; 2 Chronicles 27:1), 759-744 (others put la ter). While the father loved husbandry and had much cattle (2 Chronicles 26:10)--external aff airs with which he could occupy himself in his retirement--to the son fell the sterner dutie s and heavier responsibilities of the state. . 2. The War with Ammon: The relation between father and son is well brought out in the Chronicler's account of the Am monite war. In 2 Chronicles 26:8 we are told that "the Ammonites gave tribute (the King Jame s Version "gifts") to Uzziah," such gifts being compulsory, and of the nature of tribute. I n 2 Chronicles 27:5 we are told that the actual conquest of Ammon was made by Jotham, and tha t for 3 successive years he compelled them to pay an annual subsidy of 100 talents of silve r and 10,000 "cors" each of wheat and barley (the cor (Hebrew kor) was about 10 bushels). Th e campaign on the East of the Jordan was the only one in which Jotham took part, but as the s tate suffered no loss of territory during his regency, the external provinces must have bee n strongly held and well governed. . 3. Jotham's Building Operations: It is probable that before attempting to win any extension of territory, Jotham had spent som e years in completing the unfinished building schemes in which his father was engaged at th e time of his affliction. Like him, he became an enthusiastic builder (2 Chronicles 27:3,4) . He is recorded to have built towers, castles and cities, and specifically to have complete d the Ophel wall in Jerusalem, which is still standing to the South of the Haram area. But th e crowning architectural glory of his reign was the completion of the temple court by erectin g, or setting up, "the upper gate of the house of Yahweh" (2 Chronicles 27:3; 2 Kings 15:35) . This particular gate was the entrance to, and exit from, the upper or new court of the temp le, which had been begun so long ago as the time of Asa (compare the writer's Solomon's Templ e, Part II, chapter viii). Its situation is perfectly known, as it bore the same name and pla ce in the Herodian temple as in each of its predecessors. It stood facing the South, and wa s on higher ground than any other of the temple gates. Hence, its name. It gave entrance to t hat upper court of the temple, mentioned in Jeremiah 36:10, where it is spoken of as "the ne w gate of Yahweh's house." As Jeremiah began his ministry about a century after Jotham's deat h, Jeremiah's use of the name commemorates the fact that the gate was not built till long aft er the other parts of the structure. . 4. The Syrian League: During Jotham's regency, a formidable combination of the Northern Kingdom and the Syrian stat e, with Damascus as capital, began to show signs of hostility to Judah. For 4 years before Jo tham's death, Pekah occupied the throne of Samaria. The Assyrian king, Tiglath-pileser III, w as then pushing his arms westward, and a Syrian league was formed to oppose them. Jotham ma y have refused to join this league. The political situation at his death is thus described: . "In those days Yahweh began to send against Judah Rezin the king of Syria, and Pekah the so n of Remaliah" (2 Kings 15:37). . 5. Condition of Judah: Jotham's character is represented in a moderately favorable light, it being put to his credi t that he did not enter the temple (2 Chronicles 27:2). The wisdom and vigor of his administr ation, and of his policy for the defense of the country, are recognized. It was owing to hi s completion of his father's plans for the protection of Jerusalem, and of the building of co untry fortresses, that Hezekiah, a few years afterward, was able to show so stout a resistanc e to Sennacherib. But within the state itself corruption and oppression were rife. The grea t prophets, Isaiah, Hosea and Micah, exercised their ministries in Jotham's days, and in thei r pages we have graphic picture of the moral condition of the time. Isa does not name Jotham , except in the title (Isaiah 1:1; compare 7:1), but Isaiah 1-5 of his book were probably wri tten in this reign. Hosea's writings go back to the last years of Jeroboam II, who died the y ear Jotham came to the throne. Micah's evidence is valuable, telling us that Omri had formula ted and published rules for the cult of the Zidonian Baal, and that these "statutes" were kep t by some of the citizens of Samaria, and, possibly, of Jerusalem (Micah 6:16). . Jotham's name appears in the royal genealogical list of 1 Chronicles 3:12, and in the genealo gy of Jesus (Matthew 1:9). . The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia .


Ahaz (Achaz) ben Jotham ben Uzziah|King|King of Judah (King 735 - 715 BC)


< Hezekiah (Ezekias) ben Ahaz ben Jotham|King|King of Judah
birt: 0745 BC
plac: Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: 0693 BC

 
 Associates of Prophet Jeremiah ben Hilkiah
 birt: ABT 0650 BC
plac: Anatoth, Benjamin, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: DECEASED
 Prophetic Contemporaries of Jeremiah ben Hilkiah 
 birt: Anatoth, Benjamin, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: DECEASED
 (Mikha) Micah of Morashtite|Prophet 
 birt: Moresheth-gath
deat: DECEASED
 Associates of Prophet Micah of Morashtite 
 birt:
deat: DECEASED
 Ahaz (Achaz) ben Jotham ben Uzziah|King|King of Judah (King 735 - 715 BC) 
birt: 0762 BC
plac: Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: 0726 BC

John Hoyt's Family Tree Chart Map | Map | List of Individuals | List of Surnames

Created by GEDBrowser

Notes:

He made Damascus a pagan city (2 Kings 16: 10-18). . Judah was attacked early in his reign by King Pekah of Israel and KingRezin of Syria, who att empted to force Ahaz into a coalition againstAssyria. Additional incursions were made into Ju daean territory by theEdomites, to whom Ahaz was forced to give up the important city of Elat h(now Aqaba, Jordan). Ahaz asked help of the Assyrian king Tiglath-pileserIII, who drove ou t the invaders but in return exacted tribute from Judah.Ahaz made various changes in the temp le service and paid homage to theAssyrian gods. He was denounced for infidelity to Jehovah b y the Hebrewprophet Isaiah, who opposed the alliance with Assyria. He was succeededby his so n Hezekiah. (Funk & Wagnalls) . BIOGRAPHY: a'-haz ('achaz, "he has grasped," 2 Kings 16; 2 Chronicles 28; Isaiah 7:10; Achaz) . . 1. Name: The name is the same as Jehoahaz; hence appears on Tiglath-pileser's Assyrian inscription o f 732 BC as Ia-u-ha-zi. The sacred historians may have dropped the first part of the name i n consequence of the character of the king. . 2. The Accession: Ahaz was the son of Jotham, king of Judah. He succeeded to the throne at the age of 20 year s (according to another reading 25). The chronology of his reign is difficult, as his son Hez ekiah is stated to have been 25 years of age when he began to reign 16 years after (2 Kings 1 8:2). If the accession of Ahaz be placed as early as 743 BC, his grandfather Uzziah, long una ble to perform the functions of his office on account of his leprosy (2 Chronicles 26:21), mu st still have been alive. (Others date Ahaz later, when Uzziah, for whom Jotham had acted a s regent, was already dead.) . 3. Early Idolatries: Although so young, Ahaz seems at once to have struck out an independent course wholly oppose d to the religious traditions of his nation. His first steps in this direction were the causi ng to be made and circulated of molten images of the Baalim, and the revival in the valley o f Hinnom, south of the city, of the abominations of the worship of Moloch (2 Chronicles 28:2, 3). He is declared to have made his own son "pass through the fire" (2 Kings 16:3); the chron icler puts it even more strongly: . he "burnt his children in the fire" (2 Chronicles 28:3). Other acts of idolatry were to follo w. . 4. Peril from Syria and Israel: The kingdom of Judah was at this time in serious peril. Rezin, king of Damascus, and Pekah, k ing of Samaria, had already, in the days of Jotham, begun to harass Judah (2 Kings 15:37); no w a conspiracy was formed to dethrone the young Ahaz, and set upon the throne a certain "so n of Tabeel" (Isaiah 7:6). An advance of the two kings was made against Jerusalem, although w ithout success (2 Kings 16:5; Isaiah 7:1); the Jews were expelled from Elath (2 Kings 16:6) , and the country was ravaged, and large numbers taken captive (2 Chronicles 28:5). Consterna tion was universal. The heart of Ahaz "trembled, and the heart of his people, as the trees o f the forest tremble with the wind" (Isaiah 7:2). In his extremity Ahaz appealed to the kin g of Assyria for help (2 Kings 16:7; 2 Chronicles 28:16). . 5. Isaiah's Messages to the King: Amid the general alarm and perturbation, the one man untouched by it in Jerusalem was the pro phet Isaiah. Undismayed, Isaiah set himself, apparently single-handed, to turn the tide of pu blic opinion from the channel in which it was running, the seeking of aid from Assyria. His a ppeal was to both king and people. By Divine direction, meeting Ahaz "at the end of the condu it of the upper pool, in the highway of the fuller's field," he bade him have no fear of "the se two tails of smoking firebrands," Rezin and Pekah, for, like dying torches, they would spe edily be extinguished (Isaiah 7:3). If he would not believe this he would not be establishe d (Isaiah 7:9). Failing to win the young king's confidence, Isaiah was sent a second time, wi th the offer from Yahweh of any sign Ahaz chose to ask, "either in the depth, or in the heigh t above," in attestation of the truth of the Divine word. The frivolous monarch refused the a rbitrament on the hypocritical ground, "I will not ask, neither will I tempt Yahweh" (Isaia h 7:10-12). Possibly his ambassadors were already dispatched to the Assyrian king. Whenever t hey went, they took with them a large subsidy with which to buy that ruler's favor (2 Kings 1 6:8). It was on this occasion that Isaiah, in reply to Ahaz, gave the reassuring prophecy o f Immanuel (Isaiah 7:13). . 6. Isaiah's Tablet: As respects the people, Isaiah was directed to exhibit on "a great tablet" the words "For Mah er-shalal-hash-baz" ("swift the spoil, speedy the prey"). This was attested by two witnesses , one of whom was Urijah, the high priest. It was a solemn testimony that, without any actio n on the part of Judah, "the riches of Damascus and the spoil of Samaria shall be carried awa y before the king of Assyria" (Isaiah 8:1-4). . 7. Fall of Damascus and Its Results: It was as the prophet had foretold. Damascus fell, Rezin was killed (2 Kings 16:9), and Israe l was raided (2 Kings 15:29). The action brought temporary relief to Judah, but had the effec t of placing her under the heel of Assyria. Everyone then living knew that there could be n o equal alliance between Judah and Assyria, and that the request for help, accompanied by th e message, "I am thy servant" (2 Kings 16:7,8) and by "presents" of gold and silver, meant th e submission of Judah and the annual payment of a heavy tribute. Had Isaiah's counsel been fo llowed, Tiglath-pileser would probably, in his own interests, have been compelled to crush th e coalition, and Judah would have retained her freedom. . 8. Sun-Dial of Ahaz: The political storm having blown over for the present, with the final loss of the important p ort of Elath on the Red Sea (2 Kings 16:6), Ahaz turned his attention to more congenial pursu its. The king was somewhat of a dilettante in matters of art, and he set up a sun-dial, whic h seems to have consisted of a series of steps arranged round a short pillar, the time bein g indicated by the position of the shadow on the steps (compare 2 Kings 20:9-11; Isaiah 38:8) . As it is regarded as possible for the shadow to return 10 steps, it is clear that each ste p did not mark an hour of the day, but some smaller period. . 9. The Lavers and Brazen Sea: Another act of the king was to remove from the elaborate ornamental bases on which they had s tood (compare 1 Kings 7:27-39), the ten layers of Solomon, and also to remove Solomon's molte n sea from the 12 brazen bulls which supported it (compare 1 Kings 7:23-26), the sea being pl aced upon a raised platform or pavement (2 Kings 16:17). From Jeremiah 52:20, where the proph et sees "the 12 brazen bulls that were under the bases," it has been conjectured that the obj ect of the change may have been to transfer the layers to the backs of the bulls. . 10. The Damascus Altar: To this was added a yet more daring act of impiety. In 732 Ahaz was, with other vassal prince s, summoned to Damascus to pay homage to Tiglath-pileser (2 Kings 16:10; his name appears i n the Assyrian inscription). There he saw a heathen altar of fanciful pattern, which greatl y pleased him. A model of this was sent to Urijah the high priest, with instructions to hav e an enlarged copy of it placed in the temple court. On the king's return to Jerusalem, he sa crificed at the new altar, but, not satisfied with its position, gave orders for a change. Th e altar had apparently been placed on the east side of the old altar; directions were now giv en for the brazen altar to be moved to the north, and the Damascus altar to be placed in lin e with it, in front of the temple giving both equal honor. Orders were further given to Urija h that the customary sacrifices should be offered on the new altar, now called "the great alt ar," while the king reserved the brazen altar for himself "to inquire by" (2 Kings 16:15). . 11. Further Impieties: Even this did not exhaust the royal innovations. We learn from a later notice that the door s of the temple porch were shut, that the golden candlestick was not lighted, that the offeri ng of incense was not made, and other solemnities were suspended (2 Chronicles 29:7). It is n ot improbable that it was Ahaz who set up `the horses of the sun' mentioned in 2 Kings 23:11 , and gave them accommodation in the precincts of the temple. He certainly built the "altar s .... on the roof of the upper chamber of Ahaz," perhaps above the porch of the temple, fo r the adoration of the heavenly bodies (verse 12). Many other idolatries and acts of nationa l apostasy are related regarding him (2 Chronicles 28:22). . 12. Recurrence of Hostilities: In the later years of his unhappy reign there was a recurrence of hostilities with the inhabi tants of Philistia and Edom, this time with disaster to Judah (see the list of places lost i n 2 Chronicles 28:18,19). New appeal was made to Tiglath-pileser, whose subject Ahaz, now was , and costly presents were sent from the temple, the royal palace, and even the houses of th e princes of Judah, but without avail (2 Chronicles 28:19-21). The Assyrian `distressed' Ahaz , but rendered no assistance. In his trouble the wicked king only "trespassed yet more" (2 Ch ronicles 28:22). . 13. Death of Ahaz: Ahaz died in 728, after 16 years of misused power. The exultation with which the event was re garded is reflected in Isaiah's little prophecy written "in the year that King Ahaz died" (Is aiah 14:28-32). The statement in 2 Kings 16:20 that Ahaz "was buried with his fathers in th e city of David" is to be understood in the light of 2 Chronicles 28:27, that he was buried i n Jerusalem, but that his body was not laid in the sepulchers of the kings of Israel. His nam e appears in the royal genealogies in 1 Chronicles 3:13 and Matthew 1:9. W. Shaw Caldecott


Hezekiah (Ezekias) ben Ahaz ben Jotham|King|King of Judah


< Manasseh (Manasses) ben Hezekiah ben Ahaz|King|King of Judah (697 BC)
birt: 0705 BC
plac: Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: 0639 BC

 
 Associates of Prophet Jeremiah ben Hilkiah
 birt: ABT 0650 BC
plac: Anatoth, Benjamin, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: DECEASED
 Prophetic Contemporaries of Jeremiah ben Hilkiah 
 birt: Anatoth, Benjamin, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: DECEASED
 (Mikha) Micah of Morashtite|Prophet 
 birt: Moresheth-gath
deat: DECEASED
 Associates of Prophet Micah of Morashtite 
 birt:
deat: DECEASED
 Hezekiah (Ezekias) ben Ahaz ben Jotham|King|King of Judah 
birt: 0745 BC
plac: Judah, Judea, Southern Israel
deat: 0693 BC

John Hoyt's Family Tree Chart Map | Map | List of Individuals | List of Surnames

Created by GEDBrowser